B2 Use of English Multiple Choice Exam 13

Safaris and Sensitivity

As more camera-packing ecotourists go gently into the rainforest, environmentalists are trying to make sure they don't trample all over it.
Ever since ecotourism became big business a decade ago, throngs of travellers have been making their (1) to the remotest corners of the planet to observe nature and hopefully help save it at the same time. Now conservationists are fighting to revive the idealistic notion at ecotourism's core (2) , opening the planet's last wild places to tourism can be the best way to preserve them. As one of these conservationists declares (3) done before, many species wouldn't be close to extinction at present. Take Eastern Africa, where hunting was banned in favour of photo safaris when economic studies proved wild animals were worth much more (4) than dead. As a consequence, mass killing parties are (5) so much in fashion.
However, this has sometimes meant that the savannah has also hosted some of ecotourism's worst excesses. Not only have tour guides been known to have hounded wild animals so ferociously that this has totally disrupted their lives, but also created unnecessary problems with local tribes.
Nevertheless, in general, the introduction of this new form of tourism (6) have been a bad thing for local people, as they declare they have now been attributed a much greater stake in tourism in their areas, not just as employees, as before, but as owners and managers -- all of this in exchange for allowing access to tribal lands.Naturally, they now have a real incentive to protect the game on their lands and many ecotourism initiatives and proposals have been (7) as a result - ecolodges and elevated "canopy walkways" in the jungle (8) others. Visitors go home happy, with rolls of impressive photos, and the people who live in these areas have a reason to protect them.

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